Important Elements of Islam

The Core Five Pillars of Islam

The five pillars of Islam are

1. Faith

2. Prayer

3. Zakat

4. Fasting

5. Hajj

Important five principles of Islam

Narrated Ibn 'Umar:

Allah's Messenger said: Islam is based on (the following) five (principles):

1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah's Messenger

2. To offer the (compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly.

3. To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity).

4. To perform Hajj (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca).

5. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan. [Sahih al-Bukhari 8]


Muslims have the belief that there is no god except one God and Prophet Muhammad S.A.W is the last messenger of God. In the Quran, there are the Arabic wordings which Muslims read and one can enter in Islam religion by reading these wordings.


In Islam, Muslims are required to pray five times in a day at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and after dark facing Mecca. In prayers, Muslims read different Sura of the Quran. Men pray at the mosque and women are welcome but they don't need to pray at the mosque rather they perform prayers at home. On Friday, after the noon prayer, Imam recites the lines from the Quran and delivers the message of God to the people.

Narrated Jarir bin `Abdullah:

“I gave the pledge of allegiance to Allah's Messenger for to offer prayers perfectly, to pay Zakat regularly, and to give good advice to every Muslim.” [Sahih al-Bukhari 524]


In Islam, Muslims are required to give a fixed amount from their money to the needy and poor people. Muslims, who have enough money, help other people by giving them food, clothes, build houses and does charity work for other members.

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported Allah's Messenger (May Peace Be Upon Him) as saying:

“No sadaqa (zakat) is payable on less than five wasqs of (dates or grains), on less than five camel-heads and on less than five uqiyas (of silver).” [Sahih Muslim 979 a]


In the Islamic calendar, nine-month is the month of Ramadan when Muslims are required to not eat anything during specific timings of a day. They do fasting to relate the situation of hunger people so that they can help them.

Abdullah ibn Amr reported: A man asked the Prophet, “Which Islam is best?” The Messenger of Allah (P.B.U.H) replied:

“To feed the hungry and to greet with peace those you know and those you do not know.” [Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 28, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 39]


Muslims, who are financially able and healthy, are required to perform Hajj at least once in their lives. They visit the city of Mecca and do Hajj according to the instructions given by God. Muslims gather around the Ka’ba in Mecca in the final month of the Islamic calendar.