Treatment with non-Muslims in Islam
Perfect Example of Kindness
Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) is indeed the best example of mercy and politeness. In the case of last prophet who is Mohammad (P.B.U.H), Allah Himself has talked about the mercy of Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H). The following verse of Holy Quran says in this regard:
“We have sent you ˹O Prophet˺ only as a mercy for the whole world” [21:107]
Treatment of Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) towards Non-Muslims
The Prophet's kindness was not limited to Muslims in any manner. It included everyone, including Muslims and non-Muslims, people and Jinn, animals as well as non-living things. He (P.B.U.H) was such a generous and kind person that he (P.B.U.H) has never even done wrong to those who have done wrong towards Mohammad (P.B.U.H) or who have tried to kill him (P.B.U.H).
Hadith on Treatment with Non-Muslims
- Maintaining Good Relationships with Non-Muslims Relatives
Asma’ bint Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (R.A) said:
“My mother came to me while she was still a polytheist, so I asked the Messenger of Allah, ‘My mother, has come to visit me and she is hoping for (my favor). Shall I maintain good relations with her?’
He (peace and blessings be upon him) replied, ‘Yes, maintain good relations with your mother’” [Al- Bukhari and Muslim]
- Praying for Non-Muslims
Narrated by Abu Hurairah (R.A):
At-Tufail ibn `Amr came to the Prophet (P.B.U.H) and said, ‘The Daws (tribe) have perished as they disobeyed and refused to accept Islam. So invoke Allah against them.’
But the Prophet said, “O Allah! Give guidance to the [the tribe of] Daws and bring them [as Muslims]!’” [Al-Bukhari]
The above verse states that rather cursing the wrongdoers and non-Muslims, Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) has always prayed for their goodness and he (P.B.U.H) has always prayed to Allah for the better guidance for them.
- Narrated by Ibn Umar (R.A):
`Umar saw a silken cloak for sale draped over a man and requested the Prophet (P.B.U.H) to buy it in order to wear it on Fridays and while meeting delegates.
The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said, ‘This is worn by the one who will have no share in the Hereafter.’ Later on, Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings upon him) got some silken cloaks similar to that one, and he sent one to `Umar. `Umar said to the Prophet (P.B.U.H), ‘How can I wear it, while you said about it what you said?’ The Prophet (P.B.U.H) said, ‘I have not given it to you to wear but to sell or to give to someone else.’
So, `Umar sent it to his brother at Makkah before he embraced Islam”. The Prophet (P.B.U.H) did not blame him for his deed [Al-Bukhari].
- Protection of Non-Muslims’ Rights
“Beware, if anyone wrongs a mu`ahid [i.e. a non-Muslim enjoying the protection of Muslims], or diminishes his right, or forces him to work beyond his capacity, or takes from him anything without his consent, I shall be his adversary on the Day of Judgment” (Abu Dawud).
The above Hadith says that there are not only Muslims rights in Islam but there also rights of non-Muslims which must be protected too because Allah’s messenger Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) has protected the rights of non-Muslims.
- Visiting Sick
Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) used to visit the sick whether Muslim or Non-Muslim. Hazrat Anas (R.A) has narrated:
“A young Jewish boy used to serve the Prophet and he became sick. So the Prophet went to visit him. He sat near his head and asked him to embrace Islam. The boy looked at his father, who was sitting there. The latter told him to obey the Prophet and the boy embraced Islam”.
The Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) then came out and said the following words:
“Praise is to Allah Who saved the boy from the Hell-fire” [Al-Bukhari]
All of the above Hadith mentions that Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) has always been nice towards both Muslims and non-Muslim and thus Islam encourages staying kind with humans.
The following verse of Holy Quran says:
“Allah does not forbid you from dealing kindly and fairly with those who have neither fought nor driven you out of your homes. Surely Allah loves those who are fair” [Al-Mumtahanah, 60:8]
Islam is the religion of peace, fairness, and kindness and thus Islam encourages to stay peaceful among each other.