Social Rights in the Light of Quran and Sunnah
Islam is the religion of peace and justice, which gives equal rights to entire humanity. God has clearly declared that no one is superior and powerful in this world over one another. To avoid injustice and cruelty in society Allah mentions the rights of every individual in Quran like rights of spouses, rights of parents and descendants etc. God has commanded to mankind for the fulfillment of rights of people otherwise they would be answerable for their irresponsibility in the Day of Judgment. Allah infinitely loves His creatures and does not tolerate and forgive violation in human rights so that is why whatever the reason behind nonfulfillment or injustice, it is always considered as a greater sin until or unless the person who suffers the violence gives forgiveness by his own will to the sinner.
Individual and social rights of people are discussed in Quran in a detailed way. Here we are discussing some basic social rights which have greater impact on the prosperity of a country.
The Right of Living
Allah is the Creator of this world so He has the only right to take away our lives whenever He wants and no one other than God has allowed for killing human being without any valid reason like corruption etc.
Allah says in Quran:
“Whosoever kills a human being without (any reason like) man slaughter, or corruption on earth, it is as though he had killed all mankind.” [5:32]
Allah forbids killing mankind because He gives them the right to live.
“Do not kill a soul which Allah has made sacred except through the due process of law” ... [6:151]
Living is the basic right of human beings so whoever saves the life of a single man, he or she ultimately saves the whole humanity.
In Quran it mentions that:
"And whoever saves a life it is as though he had saved the lives of all mankind." [5:32]
The cause of failure of nation lies in the unequal distribution of money in a community. Some people have money more than their needs and on the other side some people do not have enough money at least to fulfill their basic need. That is why Allah has declared that in the wealth of rich people there is some part which is the right of poor people. In this way money is evenly distributed throughout the society. Every human being should follow this important economic right because this benefits the nation in so many ways and also lowers the suicidal rate.
Allah states in Quran:
“And in their wealth there is acknowledged right for the needy and destitute.” [51:19]
The Right of Freedom
Freedom is the basic right of whole humanity. God does not bind or limit us in terms of taking decisions, thinking, selecting our own directions it shows that Allah dislikes and forbids the act of enslaves a free man and then sells him.
It is clearly mentioned in Hadith that:
"There are three categories of people against whom I shall myself be a plaintiff on the Day of Judgment. Among these three one is who enslaves a free man, then sells him and eats his money." [Al-Bukhari and Ibn Majjah]
The Right of Justice
Allah says in Quran in Surah An-Nisa about the significance of justice and truth, for example if the truth is going against your parents or yourself even then your first priority is the command of God that never do wrong with others. If our intension behind the witness to truth is for the sake of Allah then in returns His reward is far better than our deeds.
“Believers Be upholders of justice, and bearers of witness to truth for the sake of Allah, even though it may either be against yourselves or against your parents and kinsmen, or the rich or the poor: for Allah is more concerned with their well-being than you are. Do not, then, follow your own desires lest you keep away from justice. If you twist or turn away from (the truth), know that Allah is well aware of all that you do.” [4:135]
Allah also mentions about truth and justice in chapter 5, 4 of Quran in verses 8,135 respectively that:
"And do not let ill-will towards any folk incite you so that you swerve from dealing justly. Be just; that is nearest to heedfulness." [5:8]
"You who believe stand steadfast before God as witness for (truth and) fairplay." [4:135]
Allah gives more value to the rights of mankind than His own worship. Allah declares that if someone not fulfills the rights of humanity or do something wrong or injustice with Allah’s creatures in this world then God has no forgiveness for such actions. Allah loves human beings therefore gives full rights to all of them and now it is the duty of us to fulfill those responsibilities.